This paper reviews the current status of the knowledge on body surface potential mapping (BSPM) and ECG imaging (ECGI) methods for patient selection, left ventricular (LV) lead positioning, and optimisation of CRT programming, to indicate the major trends and future perspectives for the application of these methods in CRT patients. A systematic literature review using PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science was conducted to evaluate the available clinical evidence regarding the usage of BSPM and ECGI methods in CRT patients. The preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement was used as a basis for this review. BSPM and ECGI methods applied in CRT patients were assessed, and quantitative parameters of ventricular depolarisation delivered from BSPM and ECGI were extracted and summarised. BSPM and ECGI methods can be used in CRT in several ways, namely in predicting CRT outcome, in individualised optimisation of CRT device programming, and the guiding of LV electrode placement, however, further prospective or randomised trials are necessary to verify the utility of BSPM for routine clinical practice.
Clinical Utility of Body Surface Potential Mapping in CRT Patients
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